12-point Times New Roman font for the text and Arial font for figure labels.
Running headings should be in ALL CAPS aligned to the upper left-hand corner and should include the title page.
All headings of equal importance are given the same heading level.
Use only as many heading levels as needed.
If sections can be divided by two or more subsections, use subsection headings.
Heading level format
Title Pages and Abstracts:
Title pages are required for all academic research papers and should include the following:
Name of Paper (1st line centered in the middle of the page)
Author (2nd line centered in the middle of the page)
Affiliation (3rd line centered in the middle of the page)
An abstract may be required for lengthy papers (to be required at the discretion of the faculty). An abstract is:
A concise summary of the key points of research
One double-spaced paragraph
Between 150 and 250 words in length
Click here for more information on title pages and abstracts. Citing Sources In-Text:
Paraphrased content in-text.
When students utilize knowledge from a source but are not directly quoting the information, they can paraphrase citing references in-text. In these instances, the name of the author must be directly followed by the date.
Author (Date): Williams (2000) notes…
(Author, Date): A recent study (Williams, 2000) indicates that…
Direct quotations in-text.
When students utilize direct quotes from a source, the following guidelines apply:
Direct quotation in-text citations must include the page number.
The period is located outside the quotes and after the end parenthesis.
If the quote ends with a question mark or explanation point, they would be placed
inside the quotes, and the period would follow the end parenthesis.
If quoting from a web source with no page numbers, use paragraphs as an