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Write 3 pages about this (Is the unequal distribution of wealth unethical?) about this with 10 or more slides  (presented in class)
Justice is the ethical principle that relates to fair,
equitable, and appropriate treatment in light of what is due or owed to persons, recognizing that giving things to some will deny receipt to others who might otherwise have received those things. Within the context of health care ethics, the most relevant application of the principle focuses on distribution of goods and services. This application is called distributive justice.
Distributive Justice It has to do with how goods are allocated among persons ◦ Example: who and how many people have what percentage of goods or wealth in a society◦ 5% owns 90% of wealth
A New Kind of Mega-Grant Announced to Connecticut Public Schools (April 8, 2019) Billionaire hedge fund couple Ray and Barbara Dalio, announced a $100 million pledge to Connecticut’s poorest public schools. Intended to be used by schools in areas of the state which are lower income and where the schools are struggling to make ends meet
Think About ItEqual Opportunity, Our National Myth◦ President Obama’s second Inaugural Address used soaring language to reaffirm America’s commitment to the dream of equality of opportunity: “We are true to our creed when a little girl born into the bleakest poverty knows that she has the same chance to succeed as anybody else, because she is an American; she is free, and she is equal, not just in the eyes of God but also in our own.”
The gap between aspiration and reality could hardly be wider. Today, the United States has less equality of opportunity than almost any other advanced industrial countryIs American still known as “the land of opportunity”?
Equal Opportunity Equal Opportunity ◦ An opportunity is a chance to attain some benefits or goods (meritocracy)◦ Equality of opportunity to attain it should be – equal rewards for equal performance in term of education,employment, income, wealthEconomic mobility versus social mobility
Political and Economic Theories Modern Liberalism Adding the positives from all three systems, Liberty plus justice. Businesses owe the society, public investment of school, transportation, health, roads, technology etc.
John Rawls’s Theory of JusticeThe original position and the veil of ignorance – if we are stuck in a situation, would we settle for the kind of help given to us – this is justiceThe two principles of justice: 1) each person should have equal rights to our system of liberty for all; 2) Inequalities are to be the greatest benefit to the least advantaged and attached to offices and positions open to all.
Political and Economic Theories Capitalism ◦ Economic system where business and individuals own and control much/most of the country’s capital. Freedom to earn and spend income, market is based on supply and demand, people work harder because the end result helps them and their families